22. What are the three pathways involved in the complete breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide and water? What reaction is needed to join two of these pathways? What are the substrates and products of this reaction and where does it take place? The three pathways are glycolysis, the electron transport chain, and the Krebs Cycle. The reaction of the pyruvate joining with CoA enzyme and NAD to produce acetyl CoA, NADH, and carbon dioxide. The acetyl CoA goes to the Krebs Cycle and NADH to the electron transport chain in the mitochondria.